Clinical Investigation

Evaluation Of Etiologic Causes Of Recurrent Pregnancy Loss


  • Mehmet Obut
  • Mehmet Sıddık Evsen
  • Hatice Ender Soydinç
  • Muhammet Erdal Sak
  • Ali Özler
  • Mehmet Fidanboy
  • Mahmut Balkan
  • Ayşegül Türkyılmaz
  • Talip Gül

Turk J Obstet Gynecol 2013;10(2):67-71


The aim of the present study is to evaluate etiologic factors in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL).

Material and methods:

The records of patients admitted to Obstetrics& Gynecology Clinic of Dicle University Medical Faculty Hospital, from 2008 to 2011 were evaluated. Of the 114 patients who all tests were applied for diagnosis in our hospital were enrolled to study. For etiologic evaluation; Parental chromosome analysis, maternal antiphospholipid antibodies, hysterosalpingography for mullerian anomalies, thrombophilic disorders (factor V leiden mutation, prothrombin gene mutation) and endocrine (diabetes mellitus, thyroid hormone disorder) tests applied to patients.


The mean age and mean number of abortus were 29.7±6.6, 3.2±1.3 respectively. Fifty (43.9%) patients had at least one etiologic factor where as 64 (56.1%) were idiopathic. Major chromosomal aberrations were detected in four (%3.5) couples as inversion of the ninth chromosome. The frequency for other pathologies; mullerian anomaly: 14 (%12.3), factor V leiden mutation: 7 (%6.1), prothrombin gene mutation: 6 (%5.3) and antiphospholipid antibodies in 10 (%8.8) patients.


The prevalance for major chromosomal aberrations, mullerian anomalies, thrombopylic disorders and other pathologic conditions which evaluated in the study were found similar to reported previously. Polymorphism of 9qh+ (heterochromatic centromeric regions) was seen in 39 (%34.2) parents. Further studies are needed to understand that, if this result related to the genetic polymorpisym of the study population? or the pathology associated with RPL?.

Keywords: Recurrent pregnancy loss, diagnosis, etiology.